A leading source for news and analysis about Mexico and the U.S.-Mexican border.
The engineering and technology school at the Autonomous University of Baja California Las Palmas campus on Friday graduated its first class. Rector Felipe Cuaumea attended the ceremony for 84 getting degrees in bioengineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, electronics, renewable energy, mechanical studies, mechatronics, architecture, and graphic design. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
The Mexicali cotton harvest has begun, El Mexicano reported (PDF). It quoted federal Agriculture Minister representative Guillermo Aldrete Haas as saying 22,094 hectares had been planted in rural areas of Mexicali this season. He said the harvest began in Ejido Irapuato and Colonia Pólvora, in irrigation areas 15 and 16, respectively. He said recent rains did not appear to have damaged the crop.
Antonio Rodríguez Hernández of the Baja California agency for Agriculture and Fisheries Promotion (Sefoa, Secretaría de Fomento Agropecuario) was reported to have said that because of good harvests in China and the United States and a fall in demand, cotton futures prices had fallen $9.24 per pound in the past week — however, this should have been written as 9.24 cents per pound, with the original bad information coming from Sefoa; cotton prices are currently around 80 cents per pound. Reuters reported that China's apparent decision to greatly reduce a cotton subsidy that has cost it $33 billion may cause a drop in world prices.
The Baja California fishing and tourist community of San Felipe on the Sea of Cortez south of Mexicali was flooded by rain, particularly around the boardwalk, El Mexicano reported. It said the high waters brought back bad memories of major flooding in 1967 and 1997. The road to Puertecitos between kilometers 14-17 had to be closed. Story (PDF). Jump.
Update, Aug. 31: The third edition of the Ceviche-Fest will go on as planned this weekend, El Mexicano reported in a story that mentioned nothing about the flooding. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Update, Sept. 2: The Ceviche-Fest was a success, despite worries that last week's flooding would affect it, El Mexicano reports (PDF).
Baja California José Guadalupe Osuna Millán met with people seeking municipal status for San Quintín on Wednesday and said that despite having vetoed San Quintín's breakoff from Ensenada, he will work with it to find the proper path for it become its own entity. Front-page story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump page.
Update, Aug. 8: Osuna Millán repeats message to San Quintín residents who visit him in Tijuana. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Previous stories on the issue.
A theft of electrical wire has caused the blackout of around 500 Tijuana streetlights, El Sol de Tijuana reported. It said the city was having to replace 10,000 meters of wire at a cost of 250,000 pesos ($19,000). The outages occurred along the Cucapah, Cetys ramp, Rosas Magallón Boulevard and the Vía Rápida freeway, among other areas.
Public Services Director Enrique Bautista also said that work was continuing to replace a large number of streetlights that are not working. The city is engaged in a legal battle with a company over paying the replacement costs. Bautista said around 1,500 lights have been replaced.
The derailing of "La Bestia" train on Sunday, killing at least five Central American migrants, was a "Tragedy foretold," an El Mexicano editorial said Monday. The train goes from the Guatemalan border to Veracruz, carrying migrants hanging on to its roof and sides.
At a forum on borders last year at the Colegio de la Frontera Norte think tank, COLEF's founding president, Jorge Bustamante, said it was disgraceful that in this day and age, Mexico still allowed "La Bestia" (The Beast) to operate as it has.
The Los Angeles Times reported that migrants often board "after being forced to pay large sums to local gangs" in hopes of eventually making it to the United States to find work.
The train derailed at Huimanguillo in Tabasco state.
El Mexicano editorial (PDF). Story in El Mexicano (PDF). Jump.
Update, Aug. 27: Columnist Armando Maya Castro writes that the Red Cross says it picks up a migrant who has been mutilated by "La Bestia," also known as the "train of death," about every other day. Column: "The Beast and Human Rights." Death toll rises to nine, El Sol de Mexico says.
San Diego Mayor Bob Filner resigned in the face of sexual harassment allegations on Friday. Tijuana's newspapers put the story on their front pages, and it was even a top featured news item on Televisa's main nightly newscast, "El Noticiero con Javier López-Doriga."
Previous stories on Filner.
Jorge Romero broke a 2-2 with a two-run home run in the top of the seventh inning and then pitched out of a jam in the bottom of the inning to leave Tijuana to a 4-2 victory over Panama on Thursday in the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, Pa. Tijuana will face Japan on Saturday in the international championship game. On Wednesday, Japan beat Tijuana 5-2. Panama game story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Tijuana policeman Raúl
Ruiz Martínez, 50, was killed Wednesday morning after getting off duty. He was shot in the back outside his home in the Castillo neighborhood in Tijuana's central district, Tijuana media reported. Frontera said he entered the police force in 2000 and had been assigned to the downtown zone since 2011.
He is the second Tijuana policeman killed this year. Ricardo Salgado Hernández,
36, was shot to death Jan. 10 in the Leandro Valle neighborhood in the San
Antonio de los Buenos district. Story, Frontera (PDF). Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump.
Update, Aug. 24: State official says ballistics tests indicate gun used in killing was used in a killing two years ago; he says the slaying appears to have to do with local drug peddling. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Update, Aug. 26: Three detained in slaying.
A 1.55-meter satellite will be launched into near space Aug. 29 from Baja California's new convention center during the Baja Aerospace Forum, officials told Tijuana media. The satellite is to produce images of the atmosphere and of Earth for a group of state students, officials said. It is being sponsored by the real-estate company Vesta. The state's aerospace cluster and Ensenada's Cicese also are participating in the project, Frontera said. El Mexicano reported the project would cost 350,00 pesos ($26,000). Story, Frontera (PDF). Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Tijuana's El Mexicano newspaper on Wednesday published, on its front page, the birthday celebration of the man who runs the publication, Eligio Valencia Roque.
El Mexicano has made some strides over the years, but this is a giant step backward.
The article did not even say what birthday it was! According to Valencia's Facebook page, he was born Aug. 20, 1940, in Aranza, Michoacán, and is 73. Valencia, in addition to running the paper, is a top labor leader and has been a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party since 1961. A former state legislator and city councilman, he lost election to the federal Senate last year due to a voting fluke. The paper's coverage of the vote count in his race was atrocious.
The paper luckily did have more legitimate front-page news Wednesday such as a follow-up story on the arrest of Fernando Emmanuel Valencia Pérez, 29, in the death of Benazir Sara Chavolla Ruiz. The 15-year-old had been bound and thrown from a car in Tijuana in 2005 in what became a highly controversial case; Valencia Pérez was recently detained in the United States.
Front page (PDF). Birthday story jump. Benazir Sara story jump. U-T San Diego's story on the arrest. Frontera story.
Tijuana's Little League team gave up three runs in the bottom of the fifth and lost 5-2 to Japan on Wednesday in South Williamsport, Pa. Tijuana must defeat Panama on Thursday in order to gain a rematch with Japan in the international championship game on Saturday.
Later, Chula Vista's Eastlake team, after giving up a three-run homer in the bottom of the fourth, rallied for two runs to tie the score in the top of the sixth and scored three more on a homer by Grant Holman in the top of the ninth to beat Connecticut 6-3. Eastlake will play the winner of Thursday's Connecticut-Washington game in the U.S. championship Saturday. The winners of Saturday's games will play each other in the Little League championship Sunday.
Ensenada council committees voted to recommend that Ensenada start powering its streetlights with wind energy from Mexico Power Group, starting in 2015, El Mexicano reported. Officials said the deal could save the municipality 5 million pesos a year ($384,000). A final vote by the full council next week could be one of the body's last significant acts; a completely new council elected July 7 will be taking office in the fall.
Because of Mexico's complex energy rules, the Federal Electricity Commission would act as a middleman in the transaction.
The paper said that in 2011, Tecate and Rosarito also signed an agreement to get wind energy from Mexico Power Group. El Mexicano indicated that the company expects to start producing electricity from its La Rumorosa windmills in Tecate in March 2014; Frontera reported, however, that that construction would begin in March 2014 and power production in 2015.
Councilman Aníbal Santana Chaires voted against the contract, saying he was bothered by a 50-million-peso federal guarantee that is part of the deal, among other things.
El Mexicano said that in 2011, Ensenada spent 49.8 million pesos ($3.8 million) and in 2012 54.8 million pesos ($4.2 million) for electricity.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump. Story, Frontera (PDF).
Update, Aug. 21: Wind energy ad runs that is part of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto's attempt to pass energy reform. Ad in Frontera (PDF).
Update, Sept. 6: Ensenada council creates a body to study the wind-energy proposal. Story, Frontera (PDF).
Eduardo "El Doctor" Arellano Félix was sentenced to 15 years in prison on Monday for his role in trafficking drugs to the United States by U.S. federal Judge Larry A. Burns in San Diego. It was the maximum sentence Arellano could have gotten under a plea deal he negotiated.
U-T San Diego's Greg Moran reported that Arellano, trained as a physician, stopped taking part of the cartel's day-to-day activities in Tijuana in 1993.
Arellano is seeking to be housed in the same Florida prison as his brother Benjamín, who is serving a 25-year sentence. That decision is up to the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Brother Javier is serving a life term.
The Arellano Félix cartel, which long terrorized Tijuana, has been supplanted in the city by the Pacific Cartel.
U-T San Diego: "S.D. Judge Sentences Last of 4 Arellano Brothers"
On Monday, a Moran story said that Javier was flown into San Diego in late 2011 to meet with his then-recently extradited brother Benjamín in an apparent effort to persuade Benjamín that Javier had agreed to testify against him.
The committee that sought municipal status for San Quintín said Baja California legislators went against their word by giving up on their plan to override Gov. José Guadalupe Osuna Millán's veto of the legislature's municipalization vote.
The legislature voted in June to take away a southern part of Ensenada in order for San Quintín to become the state's sixth municipality. The move was seen as a rushed election ploy by Fernando Castro Trenti of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, and many experts said the vote did not following state guidelines. Castro Trenti lost to Francisco Vega, a member of Osuna Millán's National Action Party. The legislature needed 17 votes to override the veto, and those votes apparently were not available, even though the measure originally passed 23-0.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Frontera reported (PDF) that PRI legislators Virginia Noriega and Elia Cabañas did not attend Friday's legislative session.
Update, Aug. 19: Another member of the committee blasts the legislators. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Tijuana hit five home runs to beat Panama 13-0 while Chula Vista hit four home runs to defeat Delaware 15-3 in the Little League World Series at South Williamsport, Pa., to remain undefeated. If both teams keep winning out, they would face each other in the Aug. 25 championship game. Tijuana will face Japan and Chula Vista will face Connecticut on Wednesday. Stories, El Mexicano (PDF).
Photo: These northbound lanes just south of the San Ysidro border crossing — normally backed up past the curve on a weekend, at rush hours, and many other times — are virtually empty on Saturday.
• Married same-sex couple
Malaquías Guadarrama Martínez and José Leonel Cortés Cortés of Ensenada get the ISSSTE to allow Cortés to receive spousal benefits. The couple was married in Mexico City; same-sex marriage is not legal in Baja California. ISSSTE is the Institute for Social Security and State Services for State Workers.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump. Update, Aug. 19: ISSSTE Ensenada hospital-clinic celebrates 30th anniversary (PDF).
• Mexicali Judge Ana María Elías González Rosas, in apparent rant during court session, says new oral-trial system is in collapse. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump.
• State fisheries minister Faustino Silva Galindo resigns after filing an extortion case that concerned a video involving nudity, El Mexicano reports(PDF). Story, Frontera (PDF).
• Banners were placed on 12 bridges in Tijuana and Rosarito accusing state police of committing abuses. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
• Tijuana, which is representing Mexico in the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, Pa., defeated Australia 12-0 in the opening game for both teams. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Second story.
• 230 couples were married in a joint ceremony next to the sea in Ensenada. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
• In Mexicali, Autonomous University of Baja California Rector Felipe Cuamea welcomes the 18,900 new students entering the institution; 6,500 will be going to school in Mexicali and the Mexicali Valley. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Around 12,000 students were unable to get in, and a few got a judge to issue an injunction ordering their admission to the university. Education Minister Javier Santillán said the state probably needs two or three more universities to meet demand. Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Baja California Gov.-elect Francisco Vega attended the National Action Party governors' meeting with President Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party. Also attending were Baja California Gov.
José Guadalupe Osuna Millán, Sonora Gov. Guillermo Padrés Elías, Guanajuato Gov. Miguel Márquez Márquez, Baja
California Sur Gov. Marcos Alberto Covarrubias Villaseñor, and Puebla Gov. Rafael
Moreno Valle. PAN President
Gustavo Madero and top PAN official Santiago
Creel Miranda, both of whom were heavily involved in the July 7 Baja California election, also participated.
Not attending was Sinaloa Gov. Mario "Malova" López Valdez; Madero called him a political "orphan" who was not following through on the campaign platform of the coalition of the PAN, the Democratic Revolution and Convergence parties that got him elected in 2010. López long was a PRIista, and represented the PRI in the Senate from 2006-2010.
In this month's issue of Poder360 magazine, Madero defends his alliance with the PRD; he said that otherwise, the PRI would have won a number of gubernatorial elections, which he said would not have been good for the country. The story incorrectly says the PAN won the Rosarito mayor's race for the first time; the PAN won there in 1998, 2001 and 2004.
Meeting story, El Mexicano (PDF). Sinaloa governor story (PDF). Jump.
Update, Aug. 19: Sinaloa Gov. López attends wine festival in Ensenada. Story, Frontera (PDF).
A pedestrian Ready Lane opened at the San Ysidro border crossing on Tuesday. There already was one at the Otay Mesa crossing that many who crossed the border to attend Tijuana Xolos soccer games liked to use. It is for people who have border-crossing documents that have a radio-frequency ID (RFID) that can be read electronically.
Meanwhile, Mexico will open five northbound lanes Friday at the San Ysidro crossing. They formerly were used for traffic headed south into Mexico before Mexico moved its Puerta México port of entry west last year, Frontera newspaper reported. Those lanes then merge into two new lanes on the U.S. side of the border, the U.S. General Services Administration said.
The paper also said Mexico's new southbound pedestrian building at San Ysidro is now scheduled to open in October. Starting Monday, some northbound lanes will be closed to allow for the construction of a steel covering.
Also, on Sunday, 1nterstate 805 will be closed between State Route 54 and State Route 905 from 3 p.m. through 5 a.m. Monday to allow for the demolition of the East Palomar Street bridge over I-805. This will make way for a Direct Access Ramp (DAR) — as a result, the closure is being called DARmageddon.
Stories, Frontera (PDF).
President Enrique Peña Nieto presented his energy reform plan to Congress on Monday. It uses, word for word, constitutional Article 27 presented by former President Lázaro Cárdenas, who expropriated foreign oil companies in the 1930s and served as president from 1934-1940. The 1940 article allowed Mexico to sign risk contracts with foreign companies until a 1960 law signed by President Adolfo López Mateos. Columnist Sergio Sarmiento said that although it probably be more profitable for Mexico to allow foreign oil companies concessions instead, this is still better than the system the country has now. Sarmiento's column.
The rollout of the plan was accompanied by a full-page ad in the nation's newspapers of a child in front of an oil platform whose hands were blackened, as if he had been playing with oil, with the words: "The oil and always will be ours." Ad, El Mexicano (PDF).
A conference that will discuss the reform will be held at the Institute of the Americas in San Diego at 3:30 p.m. Aug. 20.
Update, Aug. 14: National Action Party leaders say reform does not go far enough; Democratic Revolution Party leaders say it goes too far.
Plaza Río Tijuana general manager Alfredo López Osuna told Frontera that the shopping center plans to build a new parking structure that will add 700 spaces to the 3,300 the center already has. He said the top of the structure will have a basketball court and an arena soccer (fútbol rápido, or indoor soccer-type) field. He said a convention center, gym and restaurant also are planned. He said construction on the 90-million-peso ($7 million) improvements will begin this year and be completed in 2014.
The center refers to itself as "La Mejor Manzana de Tijuana," or the best block in Tijuana, in ads that lead in to the nightly Notivisa TV newscast. During evenings and weekends it often can be difficult to quickly find a parking spot in the center.
Story, Frontera (PDF).
U.S. Customs and Border Patrol authorities seized $830,000 found in a gas tank at the southbound Calexico crossing Friday, CBP officials said. The vehicle was being driven by a 47-year-old Mexican woman, who was taken to the Imperial County jail.
In light of last week's release on a technicality of drug trafficker Rafael Caro Quintero in the 1985 murder of Drug Enforcement Administration agent Enrique Camarena, it is worth taking a look at the DEA Museum's exhibit on the Camarena case.
Rubén "El Shaggy" Sifuentes Cadena, 30, suspected of being one of the men who killed the son of a former governor of Coahuila state last year, died in a confrontation with Mexican navy forces on Sunday in Gómez Palacio in Durango state, Mexican media reported. Also killed were a woman identified as Jenny N., 21, and Evert N., 2.
José Moreira, the son of former Coahuila Gov. Humberto Moreira, was killed Oct. 3 in Ciudad Acuña. Humberto Moreira is the brother of current Gov. Rubén Moreira.
Oct. 14 story: Sifuentes Cadenas had been released by a judge in August 2012.
Nov. 9: Alleged head of Zetas in Saltillo captured.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security on Monday released its "Estimates of the Legal Permanent Resident Population in 2012." Of an estimated 13.3 million legal permanent residents on Jan. 1, 2012, 8.8 million were eligible to naturalize. Mexico had the most residents in both categories, 3.33 million legal permanent residents, or 25%, and 2.69 million eligible to naturalize, or 30.6%.
Also in the top 10 were people born in China, the Philippines, India, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Vietnam, El Salvador, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The Muslim-majority country with the most legal residents in the United States was Pakistan, in 19th place, 2ith 140,000 legal residents (1.1% of the total) with 60,000 eligible for naturalization.
The report (PDF).
Tijuana's Little League team, which won the Mexico championship last month, could wind up facing the Chula Vista team just across the border in the Little League World Series this month, U-T San Diego reported in a front-page story Sunday.
Chris Jenkins reported that some of the players on both teams know each other. Although it is a long shot that both Chula Vista and Mexico will make it to the Aug. 25 championship game, it is a tantalizing possibility. Tijuana opens play Thursday, while Chula Vista opens play Friday.
The story in the print edition was accompanied by two photos featuring the Tijuana team by John Gibbins, who long has shot pictures south of the border. Neither photo accompanied the online story, however.
Chula Vista qualified for the Little League World Series on Saturday with a 9-0 win over Northern California, which it had previously lost to 3-2.
Previous story on Tijuana team reaching Little League World Series.
Baja California Governor-elect Francisco Vega plans to marry
Brenda Ruacho Bernal the second week of October, Frontera newspaper reported Thursday. Vega, a former Tijuana mayor and a member of the National Action Party, takes office as governor on Nov. 1.
Update, Aug. 9: Media report that the couple married Wednesday in the Los Barriles community of Baja California Sur. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump. Cartoon (PDF).
Aug. 9 wedding story mentioned on Frontera's political page (PDF).
Aug. 8 mention on Frontera's political page (PDF). Frontera campaign story about Brenda Ruacho Bernal (PDF).
Ruacho's Twitter page; her June 29 Tweet says, "Great campaign closing in my beautiful Ensenada!"
Update, Aug. 10: Vega meets with U.S. Ambassador Anthony Wayne in Mexico City. Frontera (PDF).
Marcos Cisneros Melo, 55, has been arrested in the stabbing death of Ensenada priest Ignacio Cortez Álvarez, 56, after Cisneros Melo's fingerprints were found in the slain priest's home, Baja California media reported.
Cisneros Melo was arrested in Tijuana's Valle Verde neighborhood. State Attorney General Rommel Moreno Manjarrez said Cisneros Melo told authorities that he had been buying and selling religious objects with the priest known as "Padre Nachito" after meeting him in Ensenada's San Vicente district 15 years ago, El Mexicano said. Authorities reported that Cisneros Melo said he went to the priest's home on July 21 to offer him religious articles. Cisneros Melo told authorities he had been drinking and at one point began stabbing the priest. The priest's missing vehicle was found in good condition in Tijuana's Villa Fontana neighborhood. Authorities said tests showed the priest had not been drinking.
A fingerprint found in the priest's home led authorities to Cisneros Melo; Cisneros Melo previously had been arrested in Mexico City.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF).
Mention of slaying in context of new bishop's ordination the week after the murder.
Story on the slaying.
Luis M. Morones Peláez, who worked for Mexico's fish and game commission in San Diego before joining Aeromexico, died July 29 at SharpHospice Care in La Mesa at age 93. Tijuana's El Mexicano newspaper reported that his father, Luis N. Morones, founded the Confederation of Regional Mexican Workers (CROM). Morones's son Enrique is a border activist who once worked for the San Diego Padres.
Morones is survived by his wife of 64 years, Laura Careaga, two daughters and three sons, including Enrique Morones. Luis Morones received the keys to San Diego after retiring from Aeromexico. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Story, U-T San Diego.
Esquela memorial ad, Frontera (PDF).
The authorities found $3.2 million in drugs in a hidden compartment of a tractor-trailer at the Mexicali border crossing on Thursday, Aug. 1, Frontera newspaper reported (PDF). The trailer was apparently empty but was sent to secondary, where packets of cocaine and meth were found. The driver, a 58-year-old from Mexicali, was arrested. Story, CBP.gov.
U.S. authorities also reported stopping a panga boat off Long Beach with $4 million worth of marijuana aboard.
The cleanup of the Tijuana River's concrete channel began with ouster of large numbers of homeless on Monday, Tijuana media reported. A human rights official told Frontera that the homeless are likely to return.
Meanwhile, vendors ousted from downtown Tijuana sidewalks last week staged a protest, clogging traffic in the Río Zone, Frontera reported. The protest also took place in front of City Hall, as did an Antorcha protest of people seeking city services, causing officials to bar normal entry to City Hall; those wishing to do city business had to enter the building through an underground parking area, Frontera reported. El Mexicano story on the vendor protest.
El Mexicano reported that 90 people were detained during the cleanup of encampments along the sides of the concrete riverbed, and that among the detained were people who were deported who had criminal records, drug addicts and Americans, who were referred to as gringos. Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump.
Also Monday, Mexicali Mayor Francisco Pérez Tejada said 43% of those deported from the United States to his city are ex-convicts, including rapists and murderers. He also said that the numbers of deportees had been dropping. He said 2,079 were deported to the Baja California state capital in July, compared with 7,815 in March.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Jump.
Update, Aug. 7: The homeless, their hovels destroyed in the cleanup, return to the sides of the Tijuana River concrete channel in an area known as El Bordo. Story, Frontera (PDF).
Update, Aug. 14: Some vendors agree to be relocated. Story, Frontera (PDF).
Mexico's Public Education Ministry has found numerous spelling, grammatical and other mistakes in new textbooks, but found them so late in the process that it is sending the books along to school systems with the advice that teachers and students can correct the errors in class as a learning experience.
Teachers in the State Resistance Movement told Tijuana's El Mexicano newspaper that the textbooks also are arriving so late that teachers are not having adequate time to prepare for the coming school year, which begins this month.
Columnist Rafael Olivera Avila said Education Minister Emilio Chuayffet signed off on 117 spelling and grammatical errors, which Olivera called the tip of the iceberg; some in President Enrique Peña Nieto's administration placed the blame for the errors on the administration of President Felipe Calderón.
The errors were the subject of Friday's "Las Mangas del Chaleco" (The Sleeves of the Vest) humor segment on Televisa's main national TV newscast Friday night.
Story, El Mexicano (PDF). Olivera's column.
Update, Aug. 13: Frontera cartoon, with teacher saying: "Your first task will be to find the mistakes in your textbooks."
President Enrique Peña Nieto left the hospital Saturday after having had an operation on Wednesday to remove a thyroid nodule and said that energy reform legislation will be sent to Congress this week.
Manlio Fabio Beltrones, the Institutional Revolutionary Party's leader in the Chamber of Deputies, said debate on the reform will begin Wednesday.
Peña Nieto walked out of the Hospital Militar with his wife, Angélica Rivera; her 44th birthday took place Friday, while he was hospitalized. Peña Nieto stayed in the hospital longer than expected to ensure that the area where the surgery took place drained properly.
Story, El Universal. Story on legislative debate to begin, El Universal.
Peña Nieto leaves hospital, El Universal.
Update, Aug. 8: President, on his Twitter account, says he is postponing sending his energy reform to Congress until next week.
The Mexican federal government has ordered a 40-million-peso ($3.2 million) cleanup of the Tijuana River concrete channel of vegetation, debris and trash, police chief Jesús Alberto Capella Ibarra said; the move would oust the homeless from the area. Many of the homeless are people who have been deported from the United States; authorities blame them for many crimes that take place in the area and downtown.
The new head of the Casa del Migrante Scalabrini, Patrick Murphy, told Frontera newspaper that authorities need to provide another place for the homeless to stay.
Meanwhile, National Migration Institute representative Rodulfo Figueroa Pacheco said about 30,000 have been deported to Tijuana this year.
Stories, Frontera (PDF).
The Pink Line bus service for women has begun service in Tijuana, U-T San Diego's Sandra Dibble reported in a front-page story. The six-bus La Línea Rosa was put in service to prevent women from being inappropriately touched. The buses also serve children, the handicapped and senior citizens. The bus service provided by the ATT and Untima companies was inspired by a similar service in Mexico state; Monterrey and Guadalalara also have such lines, and Mexico City's subway has female-only cars at rush hour.
Story, U-T San Diego: "Hassle Free on Tijuana Transit: Pink Line gives women refuge from unwanted attention from men; service may expand"
Valdez Torres, designated the new bishop of Ensenada by Pope Benedict in May, was ordained at the Ciudad Deportiva sports complex, El Vigia reported. He also made an appearance at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe on Wednesday, where he was greeted by Tijuana Archbishop Rafael Romo Muñoz and Francisco Javier Jaime
Pérez, the cathedral's administrator.
El Vigia said Valdez Torres' ordination was presided over by papal nuncio Christophe Pierre, Michoacán diocesis Bishop Javier Navarro and Morelia Bishop Carlos Suárez. A Michoacán native, Valdez Torres has been serving as a priest in Zamora, Michoacán.
Ensenada's first bishop, Sigifredo Noriega Barceló, now bishop of Zacatecas, lamented last week's murder of Ensenada priest Ignacio Cortez, known as Padre Nachito. "We are really aching over the violent death of Padre Nachito. Maybe this will make us think about how we are failing as a society as we seek to find and achieve peace."
Story, El Vigia. Story, Frontera (PDF).
Story from May on Valdez Torres being named.
Update, Aug. 2: Top government official Francisco García Burgos says Padre Nachito case will be solved. Story, El Mexicano. New bishop laments violence (PDF). Jump page. Story on the slaying
Update, Aug. 7: Man arrested in murder.